LOCAL HEROES (and a very few villains)

 

links so annotated lead initially to another page on this website for further selections

Pope Gregory I (c.540-604) on seeing English slaves in Rome: "Non Angli, sed angeli", then sent St Augustine of Canterbury to convert the pagan Anglo-Saxons

Rædwald (c.560-c.624) — c.599: King of the East Angles; c.616: E.Anglia's only Bretwalda ("high king" of Britain); likely occupant of Sutton Hoo (NT) burial ship

St Edmund the Martyr (c.841-869)The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle claims he was King of the East Angles; martyred by Danish Great Heathen Army; inspired our flag

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (1473-1530) — b.Ipswich; as Henry VIII's Chief Minister, opposed the King's divorce from Catherine of Aragon; built Hampton Court

Sir Thomas Cavendish (1560–92), "The Navigator" — b.Trimley St Martin, Felixstowe; privateer; 1585: Roanoke Colony; 1586-88: first deliberate circumnavigator

Bartholomew Gosnold (1571-1607) — privateer, "prime mover of the colonization of Virginia"; named Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard; founded Jamestown

Christopher Jones (c.1570-1622) — important citizen of (and possibly born in) Harwich; Captain of the 1620/21 voyage of the 'first' "Mayflower"

William Dowsing (1596–1668) — b. Laxfield; 1643/44: Puritan "Commissioner for the destruction of monuments of idolatry and superstition" in the Civil War

Matthew Hopkins (c.1620-1647) — 1644-47: The "Witch Hunter Generall" during the English Civil War, commemorated at Aldeburgh Museum

Thomas Gainsborough FRSA (1727-1788) — late C18th portraitist, but also originated the British landscape school; founding member of the Royal Academy

John Frere FRS FSA (1740-1807) — "who from his [Paleolithic / Old Stone Age] discoveries at Hoxne was the first to realise the immense antiquity of mankind"

George Crabbe (1754-1832) — poet: The Village and The Borough (influenced Britten's Peter Grimes) ; clergyman in Parham, Gt Glemham and Rendham

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson (1758-1805) — born in Burnham Thorpe (Norfolk); killed during his final Napoleonic Wars victory at the Battle of Trafalgar

Thomas Clarkson (1760-1846) — researched and campaigned against slavery; recruited William Wilberforce; main speaker at first World Anti-Slavery Convention

John Constable RA (1776-1837) — known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, now known as the "Constable Country"

Sir William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865) of Halesworth — b. Norwich; third Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Edward FitzGerald (1809-1883) — translator of The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám; buried at Boulge Church (three miles north of Woodbridge)

Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) succeeded his father William at Kew; Ross expedition on "Erebus" to Antarctica, etc.; friend/champion of Charles Darwin

Sir Richard Wallace (1818-1890) of Sudbourne Hall — art collector of the Wallace Collection, donated to the nation in 1897, now held at his former London home

Fitzedward Hall (1825-1901) of Marlesford — American-born Orientalist and linguist; major collaborator with Sir James Murray on the Oxford English Dictionary

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836-1917) — first woman to openly gain a medical qualification in Britain; created a medical school; first woman mayor in England

Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847-1929) — suffragist leader of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies; only female statue in Parliament Square

Flora Sandes (1876–1956) — the only British woman officially to serve as a soldier in WWI, as an officer of the Royal Serbian Army

Sir Alfred James Munnings, KCVO, PRA (1878–1959) — b. Mendham; best known for his equine painting; president of the Royal Academy; d. Dedham

Arthur Ransome (1884-1967) — author of Swallows and Amazons  book series including We didn't mean to go to Sea, connected with Pin Mill on the Orwell

Basil Brown (1888-1977) made "one of the most important archaeological discoveries" — the C7th Anglo-Saxon ship burial at Sutton Hoo (1939), now NT

George Orwell (1903-1950) — author of Nineteen EIghty-Four and Animal Farm, lived in Southwold and commemorated in a mural at the pier there

George Ewart Evans (1909–1988) of Blaxhall — writer, collector of oral history and the oral tradition of E.Anglia (including "Ask The Fellows Who Cut The Hay")

Dr Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910-1994) of Beccles — Nobel Prize winner for advanced X-ray crystallography, leading to development of synthetic penicillin

Benjamin Britten (1913-1976) — Peter Grimes  and The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra ; founded Aldeburgh Festival, then Snape Maltings concert hall.
                           Besides the WIkipedia article, there is another excellent one about his life at https://peoplepill.com/people/benjamin-britten/.

☞  also visit:  http://www.suffolkarchives.co.uk/people/suffolk-men/ and  ... suffolk-women/

"Suffolk Magazine" biographies can be downloaded here of Cardinal Wolsey and Basil Brown, by local historical author Sarah Doig (articles 6 and 3 respectively)
Sarah has also serialised, as an audio-book, her "The Little History of Suffolk", available for viewing online here.

      
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Benjamin Britten
images by Benhall artist Jenny Toombs (1940-2018), who also designed the title banner for our local "Ebb and Flow" magazine
THE GARRETT FAMILY
 
Newson Garrett (1812–1893) built Snape Maltings.
He was the father of Elizabeth and Millicent (above right)
who gave Snape School to the village in memory
of their parents, Newson and Louisa.
 
Newson's grandfather, Richard Garrett (1755-1839),
founded the business that became Richard Garrett & Sons
and which, under the management of Newson's cousin
(also a Richard Garrett), built The Long Shop in Leiston
as the world's first "flow line" assembly plant in 1852.

 

    
GARRETTS' SNAPE PORTRAITS (1888)
 

A unique collection of 13 Victorian portraits, owned by Snape Parish Council, are displayed at Snape Maltings.  Unusually for the time in which they were painted, eleven of these portraits are of working-class individuals, Newson Garrett’s employees, many of whom are buried in Snape's churchyard — we have names for six of them.  You can read more about the portraits here

 

    

 

FRAMLINGHAM CASTLE  [also click on images below]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk (1143-1221) — builder of Framlingham Castle, and a leading baron forcing King John's assent to Magna Carta

Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1473-1554) — uncle of Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard (both beheaded); was due for execution too when Henry VIII died in 1547

"Bloody" Mary I (1516-1558) — daughter of Catherine of Aragon; 1553: declared Queen at Framlingham to oust Lady Jane Grey (the "Nine Days' Queen"), thereby becoming England's first undisputed "queen regnant"; oversaw the Counter-Reformation